Food is necessary for the survival of any living organism. Be it flora or fauna, they all need some form of energy to live and flourish. Humans are also required to consume food in order to survive. Everyone wants to have a complete balance diet to do all their work, without any fatigue or tiredness. Pulses and Grains both together are part of the complete balanced diet. Both are required as one complements the other. They are same in many ways but they have a few differences.
PULSES – Pulses are basically dried edible seeds obtained from various plants. These might be consumed in their natural form but are preferred more when dried. They are in their most nutritious form when they are sprouted. Pulses are good sources of proteins(21 grams per 100 grams). It is the staple food around the world and almost 80% of the people worldwide consume it. Though it is rich in proteins,it also contains considerable amount of calories and carbohydrates (43 grams per 100 grams) so anyone trying to reduce weight or trying to control their diet are recommended to consume these in moderate amounts. Almost 25% of the pulses are proteins by weight. 100 grams of pulses contain around 350 kcal of energy.The pulses are very useful in controlling and reducing blood sugar and cholesterol levels and are therefore recommended by many health physicians. It also helps in faecal elimination.These are also economical as they are grown in huge amounts. Black Gram, Green Gram, Soya Bean and many more are some of the basic pulses that we consume in our day to day life.
GRAINS – Grains are the most staple diet in the world as almost 100% of the people worldwide from these as a basic part of their diet everyday. Grains are the source to various nutrients and minerals. The basic of these being dietary fibres and B Vitamins. Dietary fibres lower the blood sugar level of individuals and also help to prevent heart disease whereas B Vitamins play a key role in the various metabolic processes. These grains help the body to release energy from proteins, fats and carbohydrates. These foods are the main source of important minerals such as magnesium and selenium. Magnesium is the most valuable component in bone building and also to in releasing energy which forms muscles whereas selenium protects the body cell from oxidation and therefore protects the body from ageing fast. It is used to control and manage your weight and is recommended by doctors to women in times of pregnancy. Basic grains such as rice and wheat form the part of our daily food consumption.
So even in their differences, grains and pulses both are required for a healthy diet for any human being.