Diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease that affects millions of people worldwide. It affects people of all ages. Although many are diagnosed, many still remain undiagnosed especially the poor people in poor countries. According to the World Health Organization, diabetes mellitus affects about 171 million people worldwide in year 2000 affects more than 300 million people worldwide by the year 2012. Diabetes mellitus type 2 accounts for about 90 percent of diabetes cases. For this reason it is important to be educated about the diabetes mellitus type 2 symptoms.
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Symptoms
Diabetes mellitus type 2 symptoms could not be evident on its early stages. The symptoms does not really manifest until the levels of blood glucose soar and exceed about 180 mg/dl or 10 mmol/l. This limit is known as the renal threshold of glucose or RTG. At this point, the excess glucose will appear in the urine.
Some of diabetes mellitus type 2 symptoms are the following:
Unusual weight loss
Dryness of skin
Sores and wounds that takes longer time to heal than usual
Polyphagia or extreme hunger
Polyuria or frequent urination
Polydipsia or excessive thirst
Blurring of vision
Areas of darkened skin
Anyone can get diabetes mellitus type 2. However some people have higher risk factors and they are those who are
Over the age of 45
Women who have had gestational diabetes
Have family history of diabetes mellitus type 2
High cholesterol levels
Complications of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Symptoms
If the patient is not careful and the disease is not controlled, complications will appear and this could lead to death. Complications of diabetes mellitus type 2 symptoms are
If patient develop wounds, it could lead to infection and if the case becomes severe, possible amputation.
How to Manage Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Symptoms
It is important to have regular health check-ups even if you do not have diabetes. Although diabetes mellitus type 2 cannot be prevented, it can be controlled and managed once you have it. A complete lifestyle change might be necessary. The following are helpful suggestions to help manage diabetes mellitus type 2 symptoms.
Regular moderate exercise or physical activity. Exercise helps improve physical condition and can prevent complications of the disease
Proper nutrition and healthy diet. Low glycemic index foods are recommended as these kinds of foods help keep the blood glucose levels steady.
Educate yourself. Educating yourself about the disease helps a lot as you will be able to know how to observe your body, your symptoms, and your body’s reactions to your diet, exercise, medicines and maybe environmental factors.
If you have knowledge about the disease, it is also important that your family has an understanding about the disease. You need a strong support group and your family is a part of that.
It is essential that you know your body and observe the changes and reactions of your body to a lot of things. Proper education can help you control and manage diabetes mellitus type 2 symptoms.